An anal fissure is a slit in the sensitive anus lining. It may affect persons at any age, although it is most frequent in newborns and adults in their middle years. It’s typically not a significant problem, and most individuals can cure it at home. Anal fissures that repeat or don’t heal easily should be taken seriously, although they may also be harmless.
The anal sphincter, a muscle that surrounds the anus, is commonly exposed when the rip happens. Damage to the muscle might cause it to spasm, which can further tear apart the fissure’s margins. The spasms may cause discomfort and impede recovery. Bowel motions may also hinder the healing process of fissures by preventing them from becoming better. You can connect with the best proctology doctor to seek suitable treatment.
What are the symptoms of an Anal Fissure?
There are several possible symptoms associated with an anal fissure, including:
- The skin surrounding your anus has a noticeable tear.
- Itching and/or burning in the anal region during bowel movements
- A little skin tag near the tear
- Bloody faeces or toilet paper after wiping.
What causes an Anal Fissure?
In most cases, an anal fissure is caused by passing big or hard faeces. Both chronic constipation and regular diarrhoea are known to cause tears in the anus skin. However, not all anal fissures are indicative of low-fibre diets and constipation. Fissures that don’t heal properly or that appear in a location other than the posterior and midline area of your anus may signal a more serious problem.
Other reasons include:
- Straining during delivery or bowel movements.
- Having inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn’s disease.
- Having reduced blood supply to the anorectal region.
- Having extremely tight or spastic anal sphincter muscles.
- Participating in anal intercourse; putting items into the anus.
In rare cases, an anal fissure may develop due to:
- Anal cancer
- Anal fissure
Most anal fissures do not need a lengthy course of therapy. It is possible to speed up the healing process and alleviate symptoms with natural home remedies.
- Anal fissures may be treated with over-the-counter stool softeners,
- At-home remedies all include drinking more water.
- A painless and the best fissure treatment in Delhi, you can consider laser treatment
- A physician will diagnose and suggest some medications to assist blood flow to the anorectum using nitroglycerin
- Creams also help reduce discomfort and induce relaxation of the anal muscles.
- One way to help the anal fissure heal naturally is to use an ointment that blocks calcium channel receptors.
- Botox injections into the anal sphincter are another therapy option. Your anus muscle will be temporarily paralysed by the injections, which will keep spasms at a minimum. This permits the anal fissure to heal and prevents the formation of additional fissures.
An anal sphincterotomy may be recommended by your doctor if previous methods of treating your anal fissure have not been successful. It is necessary to do this surgical operation under the supervision of the best doctor for fissure treatment in Delhi.